The human skin consists of three layers - the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue. Within the epidermal layer there are proteins (desmosomes) that help to hold skin cells together and push them towards the surface of the skin. As the skin migrates to the surface, these proteins break down until the dead skin falls off at the end of the cycle. If the turnover of cells is normal and smooth, the proteins are decomposed by enzymes and acids in the skin, and the dead cells fall off as ‘scruff’. This cycle of renewal normally lasts for 28 days for healthy and normal skin.
Dead skin cells are saturated with keratin, which is a protein also found in hair and nails. This keratinous skin helps to protect the epidermis from external stimuli and also protect the body from moisture loss. This skin is significantly harder than living tissue. As such, the excessive build-up of this skin can give the feet a hard and dry appearance. In our everyday life friction and pressure is constantly imposed on the feet. Because of this friction, the skin is not able to peel off naturally. This results in the accumulation of keratinous cells which create a hard layer in which the body´s natural exfoliating process no longer breaks down the keratinous cells. This build-up of old dead skin cells can cause problems with the skin such as callous build-up. If nothing is done against this build-up, the skin can become dry and crack (cracked heel) causing pain and, bleeding* and even infection in more severe cases. (* Avoid use of Milky Foot if your feet have open/bleeding wounds)
When dead cells accumulate on the sole of our feet because of continuous pressure, the natural exfoliation process of the skin no longer works to get rid of the dead skin cells. Milky Foot works by softening the dead cells and by loosening the ´glue´ that holds the dead skin cells together and thus allowing the natural process of skin exfoliation. This process is initiated by a number of naturally occurring acids and enzymes that work together to exfoliate dead skin layers from the sole of the foot. Milky Foot contains a unique active ingredient ExMilac, which is a milk ferment filtrate. It works by using enzymes that help break down the hardened protein in dry, scaly skin. Milky Foot also contains additional exfoliating agents; Mandelic Acid and alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) to help break down the bonds between dead skin cells. The exfoliation process is complemented by a careful selection of herbal extracts such as Aloe Vera, Calendula and Camomile to soothe and calm the skin.